For over thousand of years, mankind has been perfecting the art of making and drinking coffee.

From the first goat herder who begun dancing with his animals after eating the myesterious red berry, to the modern-day commuter savoring a weake-up cuo of java, the magical coffee bean has become both addictive necessity and a wekcome treat.

But first, here is your Idiomatic Expression of the Week and you Phrasal Verbs.

Idiomatic Expression of the Week: Eyeball to Eyeball

Definition: Face to face, especially, about to begin a conflict.
Example: FIn the playoffs er go eyeball to eyeball with the Yankees.

Phrasal verbs:

To Whip Up

Definition: To produce or prepare (a meal) very quickly.
Example: Toni loves cooking so every day he whips up a delicious supper for his wife and kids.

To Cut Back

Definition: To do less of (something)
Example: FYou eat too much salt, you should cut back on salty food.


Here’s a look at seven of the more popular coffee drinks available most discriminating coffee houses, and how to best enjoy them.

Espresso is a strong black coffee made by forcing steam trought dark-roast aromatic coffee beans ar high pressure in a espresso machine. A perfectly brewed espresso will have a thick, golden-brown crema (foam) on the surface. If the crema us good, the sugar you add will float on the surface for a cople of seconds before slowly skinking to the bottom.

Espresso is the foundation for a whide variety os specially coffe drinks, such as the capuccino.

How to have it: Espresso should be taken either on its own or with a small teaspoon of sugar. Having it short means that it has less water and is therefore more concentrated, and long conversely uses more water and does not taste as strong.

Give it a twist: Adding a dollop of steamed milk creates an espresso macchiatto (macchiato means stained or marked). Topping an espresso with whipped cream makes it an espresso con panna. Espressi corretto (which transltes to corrected) is made by adding a splash og grappa, cognac or sambuca.


This hugely popular coffee drink has become a stape that even the mos common of corner coffee shops carries (or at least a version of it). A true cappuccino is a combination of equal parts espresso, steamed milk and milk froth. This luxurious drink, if made properly, can double a dessert with its complex flavors and richness

How to have it: It is common to sprinkle your cappuccino froth with a bit of unsweetened cocoa powder or grated dark chocolate.

Give it a twist: Asking for your cap scuro (dark) means you want less milk than usual, while chiaro (light) means you want more. Iced cappuccino makes a great summer drink, and a skinny cappuccino is made with skim or nonfat milk.


An Americano is a single shot of espresso added to a cup of hot water. The name is thought to have originated as a bit of an insult to Americans, who had te dilute their spresso when it first gained popularity on this side of the pond. Many coffee houses have perfected it, however, and the result has become a creamy, rich espresso-based coffee that you can sip and savor before jumping on your Vespa and heading to the soccer field.

How to have it: Many like to drink it with milk and/or sugar, but connoisseurs suggest keeping milk to a minimum to get the most flavor from the espresso.

Give it a twist: Having it iced is a great treat on a hot day.

Caffe Latte

A caffe latte is a single shot of espresso to three parts of steamed milk.

How to have it: