Example: Don’t get angry, I was just pulling your leg.

Phrasal verbs of the Week:

To Ask Someone Out

Definition: To invite on a date.

Example: I asked John out because I think he is cute.

To Call On Someone

Definition: To visit someone.

Example: We called on you last night but you weren’t home.



There are 3 styles of bitters: standard or ordinary bitter, best, special or premium bitter, and extra special or strong bitter. The primary difference between these is strength. All tend to be golden with a shared toasty or caramelly malt character that is balanced English hops. The yeast leaves behind some fruity aromas and a touch of the butterscotch-like flavor.

India Pale Ale:

As it stands, most modern English IPAS are deep golden to medium amber in color with a lively aroma of earthy, grassy, and floral English hops. A firm base of toasty or caramelly malt and fruity yeast are noticeable as well. American craft brewers have run away with the style, developing countless variations.

Strong Scotch Ale:

These are rich, strong amber or reddish-brown beers that boast some serious malt character. Expect a flavour that’s somewhat similar to barleywine-dense and caramelized with some fruitness and sweetness. Some breweries have taken to including a portion of peast-smoked malt in their recipes to recall the smokiness of some Scotch whiskies.

Irish Red Ale:

Made with a lager yeast strain, so it isn’t an ale at all. They tend to be caramelly, malt-driven beers with little hop character, a touch of bitterness on the finish from roasted barley, and a deep reddish hue imparted by the malt used for its production. Expect toasty and caramelly flavours along with a light, coffee-like bitter finish.

Mid Ale:

Most milds are brown in color and served on draft. They’re malty beers with little hoppiness and a fruity yeast flavor that can veer towards buttery in some examples. Expect toasty, caramelly, nutty, licorice-like, raisiny or chocolatey malt flavors alongside a bit of fruitiness. There’s a lot of flavour packed into this little beer.


Stouts werw born as a stronger variant of porter. Before stout was a beer style, it was just another adjective meaning thick or strong. They contain dark, roasted grains that give their signature black color producing many of the same nutty, chocolately, and coffee-like flavors. Stouts tend to be a bit stronger and have a bit more roasty bitterness than porters.

Brown Ale:

English brown ales are fairly similar in flavor and composition to darker versions of mild. There are two categories: Southern and Northern English brown ales. Northern English brown ales tend to be a bit drier and stronger than dark milds, they’ve got that same caramel, nut and dried fruit malt flavor, but often with less sweetness and a bit more alcohol.


British Porters are usually broken down into 3 styles: brown, robust, and Baltic. Brown porters taste a bit like stronger dark milds or brown ales. Robust porters tend to exhibit a more assertive roasty bitterness than their brown brothers, along with a little estra alcoholic kick. Baltic porters are the strongest members of the extended Britsh porter family.

Cold Ale:

There’s quite a lot of overlap between these teo styles as they exist today. Both are strong beers that are frequently aged prior to release. Old ales tend to be sweet, strong beers with nutty and tofee-like malt flavor complementes by sherry and leathery nothes that result from aging.

English Barleywine

Barleywines offer similary dense maltiness, which means flavors reminiscent of brown sugar and leather are balanced by an assertive presence of alcohol. While American takes on the style are usually highly hopped and aggressively bitter, English versions are more often malt-focused sippers built for fireside contemplation.